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A market town that is dominated by the ruins of a massive castle, Framlingham was recorded in Domesday as "Framalingaham" or "Framincham". The castle was once a stronghold of the Bigod family but today the substantial remaining walls, ditch and nearby mere make for a pleasant stroll. In 1215 Roger Bigod was one of the rebels who still stood against King John after the signing of the Magna Carta. The King took umbrage and a year later besieged the castle which was defended by 26 knights, 20 men-at-arms, 7 crossbowmen, a chaplain and 3 others. After two days Roger surrendered and then sat it out until the place was restored to his family after the King's death.
Other notable features of the town include the college, some attractive almshouses and market square. Opposite the Railway PH is a private garden containing the tomb of an early C18th non-conformist preacher, Thomas Mills. His servant William Mayhew was later buried beside him. The Great Park is a Mediaeval deer park which in the 1570s was estimated to cover 500-650 acres. Ivy Cottage (AKA the Round House) incorporates the base of an octagonal smock mill said to date from 1603. Another mill stood in Victoria Mill Road from the 19th century until its demolition in 1935. A third mill stood near the present Danforth Drive until it was demolished in about 1935.
Two pillar boxes with a design dating from 1856 are said to be the oldest in the country still in use. They can be found in College Road and Double Street (see gallery).
For details of RAF Framlingham see Parham.
Shawsgate Vineyard (Badingham Road) is open daily and offers tours and tastings. See www.shawsgate.co.uk
Framlingham Station was the terminus of a branch line which joined the East Suffolk Line between Marlesford and Campsey Ashe. It opened in June 1850 and closed in April 1963, though passenger traffic had ceased in November 1952.
Estimated population (2009) of Framlingham: 3500
Local licensing authority for Framlingham is Suffolk Coastal
Some historical information from English Heritage's National Monuments Record.